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International Energy and Climate Policy

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung deems it crucial to strengthen effective global governance mechanisms to address global problems. In this respect, it was key to engage the new powers to find a common basis for cooperation. The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung believes that through dialogue, it will be possible to identify converging interests and potential conflicts, define areas of cooperation and to devise new mechanisms for coordination.

In addition to FES Sustainability where you find new articles every day, a series of publications analyzes the goals, strategies and policies to address the challenges of climate change:

Open this new publicationIs different really enough? Thoughts on a New Role for Consumption

Judith Gouverneuer (ed.)

Economic growth remains the focus of both policies and societies worldwide. In the meantime, social inequality rises and the ecological destruction of our planet continues to accelerate. We know that things have to change, but struggle to imagine a good life beyond the consumption driven lifestyles we have established ourselves in. In this publication, experts from different parts of the world address the question of consumer responsibility in the necessary transformation process towards more sustainable societies and set out to look for new roles for consumption.

Perspectives, FES Berlin, July 2013

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Open this new publicationSanctions and the Effort to Globalize Natural Resources Governance

Enrico Carisch and Loraine Rickard-Martin

At critical times in the past, the UN Security Council has designed various kinds of sanctions to curtail conflicts involving natural resources. The dearth of consequences for violations of these UN sanctions however indicates a continued lack of global leadership on natural resources. As many resource-rich countries in Africa are replacing industrialized nations as their most important trading partners, they increasingly bypass the evolving framework of Western norms and standards. This publication analyzes the new threats to international peace and security and emphasizes the need for a coordinated response of the industrialized West and the resource-rich South.

International Policy Analysis, FES New York, January 2013

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Open this new publicationCOP 18 in Qatar: between "Fossil of the day" and "Best green practice" : what the Gulf States can contrigbute to the success of the Climate Change Conference in Qatar

Judith Althaus

The decision to host COP 18 in Qatar was discussed controversially. What is to be expected from a country, which in recent decades not only brought attention to itself with a less than progressive stance in international climate negotiations, but also to this day perpetuates its own fossil energy production with its massive subsidy policy?

Perspective | FES Berlin, November 2012

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Open this new publicationWorld Climate Summit in Doha (COP 18): Objectives, Developments and Challenges

Nina Netzer

The 18th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 18) will take place in Doha, Qatar, from 26 November to 7 December 2012. The challenges on the agenda are large: Amongst others, a work programme for a new global agreement for all countries has to be set-up and the details of a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol have to be fleshed out. Whether a satisfactory result can be found in Doha, depends largely on whether or not there are brave pioneers and new alliances campaigning for progress. The publication gives an overview of challenges ahead and expectations of different stakeholders for the negotiations.

Perspective | FES Berlin, November 2012

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Open this new publicationGreen Economy. Turning Over a New Leaf towards Sustainable Development?

Nina Netzer and Judith Althaus (eds.)

The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro is past and its outcomes fall short of all expectations. It is up to the member states to give substance to the vague principle of «Green Economy». Still, the necessary transformation of our economic systems represents a fundamental challenge on the global level. By highlighting five regional perspectives, the publication shows how diverse the debate on the Green Economy is.

Perspective | FES Berlin, June 2012

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Open this new publicationOn the Road to Sustainable Development How to Reconcile Climate Protection and Economic Growth

Bärbel Kofler and Nina Netzer(eds.)

The impact of global warming in many countries is preventing sustainable development or even destroying existing development gains. This is all the more serious as climate change hits hardest poorer countries and particularly vulnerable population groups. The strong interdependence of climate change and development leads to the necessity for an integrated approach putting forward climate protection and sustainable economic development without jeopardizing the right to development. The present volume reflects the work of the FES working group "Climate Change and Development" founded in 2010 with members of parliament and representatives from research and civil society.

International Policy Analysis | FES Berlin, May 2012

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A Human Rights-based Approach to Climate Finance

Alyssa Johl and Yves Lador

In the context of climate finance, a human rights-based approach ensures that rights considerations are taken into account in the development, implementation, and monitoring of relevant processes and institutions, including the UNFCCC's newly established Green Climate Fund. To advance rights protections in the global climate finance architecture, it is essential that climate finance mechanisms establish institutional safeguard systems that effectively prevent social and environmental harm, promote sustainable development, and maximise participation, transparency, accountability, equity, and rights protections.

FES Geneva International Policy Analysis, February 2012

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Just Cities - The World's Problems Need Urban Solutions

Isabelle-Jasmin Roth

Cities are central to the process of economic and social growth and innovation. But it is the type of urbanisation rather than the city per se that will provide decisive sustainable development. However, the term »sustainable urban development« is not clearly defined. Hence, the most obvious distinction concerning sustainable city development is the green transformation of existing (mega)cities in comparison to new eco-city projects– with effects on its social and environmental development, especially in emerging countries.

FES Perspective, Berlin, February 2012

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The end of of nuclear energy? International Perspectives after Fukushima

Nina Netzer and Jochen Steinhilber (eds.)

The nuclear disaster in Fukushima turned into a long-term crisis shaking the very foundations of economies and institutional structures. This offers an opportunity to organise energy supply in a more sustainable manner throughout the world. While a shift in thinking can be seen in some countries, others unswervingly continue along the planned path of an expansion of nuclear energy. However, given the economic and environmental misgivings as well as various security and safety risks of nuclear and fossil energy sources on the one hand as well as the benefits of green growth on the other hand, countries worldwide do not want to miss the opportunity to expand the use of renewable energy sources.

FES Perspectives, Berlin, July 2011

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Addressing the Challenge of Global Climate Mitigation

Camilla Bausch and Michael Mehling

While the UN climate negotiations were able to advance a number of issues over the last few years, they face diplomatic stalemate on an increasing range of issues relevant for successful climate change mitigation. Likewise, hopes for agreement on a comprehensive and legally binding treaty at the upcoming climate summit in Durban this December are rather low. A number of alternative venues and institutions have therefore emerged to address various aspects of the climate challenge. In this study, the prospects and promise of the UN negotiations and such alternative processes are analysed, including the conditions under which they might complement, obstruct or even obviate each other.

International Policy Analysis, FES Berlin, June 2011

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How Much Is 100 Billion US Dollars?
Climate Finance between Adequacy and Creative Accounting

Wolfgang Sterk, Hans-Jochen Luhmann, Florian Mersmann

At the end of 2010 the high-level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon made an important contribution to the debate presenting recommendations for the climate-related financing – yet leaving important questions unanswered. In view of the needs of developing countries, the only interpretation adequate to the problem and the commitments made under the UNFCCC is one based on net transfers towards the 100 billion US dollar commitment.

International Policy Analysis, FES Berlin, June 2011

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A Global Green New Deal

Nina Netzer

In order to initiate a long-term environmental reorientation of global economic structures, the original idea of a Global Green New Deal, boosting economic growth through green economic-stimulus packages while at the same time slowing down the pace of ongoing climate change, needs to be replaced by a broader understanding along the lines of a global paradigm shift towards a just, sustainable international development and economic model.

International Policy Analysis, FES Berlin, May 2011

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The end of nuclear power?

Nina Netzer

The nuclear accidents in Japan constitute a turning point for international energy policy. While initial indications of a shift in thinking can be seen in some cases such as Germany, Switzerland or even China, other countries, such as Russia or France, are unswervingly continuing along the planned path of an expansion of nuclear energy. In actual practice, it seems that an expansion of nuclear energy, widely discussed for several years now, is failing to materialise as a result of economic and environmental misgivings as well as various security and safety risks.

Perspective, FES Berlin, April 2011

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A Shot in the Arm for Climate Finance?

Frank Schroeder

While a large number of mechanisms for financing climate change mitigation and adaptation have started to develop at the global level, the total level of financial resources falls far short of what is actually needed: a system for monitoring, reporting and verifying climate finance flows will be important to enhance the credibility of climate funds. Industrial nations have pledged assistance in fast start financing and committed to the goal of mobilising jointly 100 billion US dollars a year by 2020. The report of the UN Secretary-General’s High-level Advisory Group sends a very strong signal that scaling-up climate financing is challenging but feasible. Timely mobilisation of resources could help generate progress in the current climate negotiations.

Study, FES Berlin, December 2010

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The Civil Use of Nuclear Energy

International Conference
November 26-26, 2010 in Beijing, China

In many parts of the world the civil use of nuclear energy encounters a renaissance.

The conference, which is part of a series of international policy dialogues on climate and energy policy planned by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in 2009 and 2010, aims to address the following questions: Is nuclear energy a climate friendly alternative to fossil fuels? How could the interests of neighboring states be coordinated within the use of nuclear power? Can the European experience of a multilateral nuclear cooperation be helpful for other regions? How to face risks of proliferation which come along with an increased use of civil nuclear energy? How to strengthen the International Atomic Energy Agency as supervisory body?

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"Shaping Globalization": Simulation of Climate Negotiations

International Learning Project
November 18-24, 2010 in Bonn

36 participants from 12 countries - Afghanistan, Brasil, Germany, Ghana, India, Jordan, Marocco, Mexico, Poland, Timor-Leste, Turkey and the USA - met on a virtual platform during the past four nonths to be informed and get prepared for this one week conference in Bonn, Germany, on sustainable and socially responsible development.

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After Copenhagen and before Cancun: India on the Way to a Global Agreement on Energy and Climate Policies?

Tobias F. Engelmeier | Isabelle-Jasmin Roth

In the run-up to the Cancun Climate Change Summit, India is holding firm to its position not to accept internationally binding emission targets for fear that they may impede development prospects. However, with its great dependency on the rural agricultural sector, India is one of the most vulnerable societies to climate change and thus has a strong self-interest in a successful continuation of international climate negotiations. In its domestic politics, India is pushing climate-friendly policies with regard to resource use and energy efficiency in order to secure the energy demands of its growing population. Moreover, it is seeking to become a leader in the renewable energy sector, especially regarding solar power generation.

FES Perspective, Berlin, November 2010

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Governance Challenges in Financing Green and Sustainable Energy Policies

Michael T. Clark

The Copenhagen climate summit in December 2009 confirmed that there is broad international agreement on tasks to be accomplished. However, the summit ended by presenting UN Member States with a fundamental choice between two incompatible forms of agreement: the »grand coalition« approach that has evolved for nearly two decades under the UNFCCC, aiming at a comprehensive legal agreement arrived at by consensus among all UN Member States (G192), or the more limited »plurilateral« approach and voluntary commitments of the Copenhagen Accord. A third approach is also possible and would emerge from a broader »grand bargain« that bundled systemic reforms in global financial governance for broader sharing of commitments to climate stabilization.

FES International Policy Analysis, Berlin, June 2010

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Trade and Climate Change. Triggers or Barriers for Climate Friendly Technology Transfer and Development?

Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf / Christiane Gerstetter

To address climate change and the end of fossil fuels successfully, major investments in low carbon technology will be needed to restructure economies to low carbon economies, This process of technological innovation or dissemination of low carbon technologies will largely depend on international trade. This Occasional Paper focuses on how the multilateral trading system can favor or impede the pursuit of climate change goals. It looks at barriers to technology transfer such as intellectual property rights and analyzes the interests of development and industrialized countries behind them. Meyer-Ohlendorf and Gerstetter explore the tensions behind border adjustment measures between “green protectionism” and fears of “carbon leakage.” The authors give practicable policy options to foster technology transfer in a highly complex policy field. .

DoG Occasional Paper No. 41, FES Berlin, February 2009

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It's Sink or Adapt : Financing for Climate Change Adaptation

Sarah Ganter

Most developing countries lack financial means and livelihood alternatives to effectively adapt to the consequences of climate change. Sarah Ganter discusses how additional funding can be generated to protect most vulnerable populations and finance long term adaptive measures. The paper focuses on the perspectives of the UNFCCC Adaptation Fund and the feasibility of innovative financing options.

Briefing Paper No. 1-2009, FES Berlin, January 2009

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Gender in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Ulrike Roehr

Fact Sheet No. 1, FES Berlin, January 2009

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