Enrico Carisch and Loraine Rickard-Martin
International Policy Analysis, January 2013
At critical times in the past, the UN Security Council has designed various kinds of sanctions to curtail conflicts involving natural resources. The dearth of consequences for violations of these UN sanctions however indicates a continued lack of global leadership on natural resources. As many resource-rich countries in Africa are replacing industrialized nations as their most important trading partners, they increasingly bypass the evolving framework of Western norms and standards. This publication analyzes the new threats to international peace and security and emphasizes the need for a coordinated response of the industrialized West and the resource-rich South.